Publications by Year


  • Stahle, D.W., E.R. Cook, D.J. Burnette, M.C.A. Torbenson, I.M. Howard, D. Griffin, J. Villanueva, B.I. Cook, A.P. Williams, E. Watson, D. Sauchyn, N. Pederson, C.A. Woodhouse, G.T. Pederson, D.M, Meko, B. Coulthard, C.J. Crawford, 2020. Dynamics, variability, and change in seasonal precipitation reconstructions for North America. Journal of Climate (in press).

  • Howard, I.M., and D.W. Stahle, 2020. Tree-ring reconstruction of single day precipitation totals over eastern Colorado. Monthly Weather Review (in press). [pdf]                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

  • Ljungqvist, F.C., A. Piermattei, A. Seim, P.J. Krusic, U. Büntgen, M. He, A.V. Kirdyanov, J. Luterbacher, L. Schneider, K. Seftigen, D.W. Stahle, R. Villalba, B. Yang, and J. Esper, 2020. Ranking of tree-ring based hydroclimate reconstructions of the past millennium. Quaternary Science Reviews, 230: 106074. 


  • Granato-Souza, D., D.W. Stahle A.C. Barbosa, S. Feng, MCA Torbenson, G. Assis Pereira, J. Schongart, J.P. Barbosa, D. Griffin, 2019. Tree rings and rainfall in the equatorial Amazon. Climate Dynamics [pdf]  

  • Stahle, D.W., J.R. Edmondson, I.M. Howard, C.R. Robbins, R.D. Griffin, A. Carl, C.B. Hall, D.K. Stahle, M.C.A. Torbenson, 2019. Longevity, climate sensitivity, and conservation status of wetland trees at Black River, North Carolina. Environmental Research Communications 1:041002. [pdf]                                                                                                                          

  • Torbenson, M.C.A., D.W. Stahle, I.M. Howard, D.J. Burnette, J. Villanueva-Díaz, E.R. Cook, D. Griffin, 2019: Multidecadal modulation of the ENSO teleconnection to precipitation and tree growth over subtropical North America. Paleooceanography and Paleoclimatology34, [pdf]


  • Amoroso. M.M., J.H. Speer, L.D. Daniels, R. Villalba, E.Cook, D. Stahle, A. Sur, et al., 2018.  South American Dendroecological Fieldweek 2016:  Exploring dendrochronological research in northern Patagonia.  Tree-Ring Research 74:120-131. [pdf]
  • Cook, B.I., A.P. Williams, J.E. Smerdon, J.G. Palmer, E.R. Cook, D.W. Stahle, and S. Coats, 2018: Cold Tropical Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures During the Late Sixteenth- Century North American Megadrought. J. Geophys. Res: Atmospheres, 123:11,307- 11,320. [pdf]
  • Howard, I.M., D.W. Stahle, and S. Feng, 2018: Separate tree-ring reconstructions of spring and summer moisture in the northern and southern Great Plains. Climate Dynamics [pdf]
  • McAdoo, K.L., and D.W. Stahle, 2018: Tree ring dating of the Ficklin-Imboden structures, Powhatan Historic State Park, Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 72:141-147. [pdf]
  • Pereira, G. de Assis, A.C.M.C. Barbosa, M.C.A. Torbenson, D.W. Stahle, D. Granato-Souza, R.M. dos Santos, J.P.D. Barbosa, 2018. The climate response of Cedrela fissilis annual ring width in the Rio São Francisco basin, Brazil. Tree-Ring Research 74:162-171. [pdf]
  • Torbenson, MCA, and D.W. Stahle, 2018. The relationship between cool and warm season moisture over the central United States, 1685-2015. J. Climate, 31, 7909-7924. [pdf]


  • Lopez, L., D.W. Stahle, R. Villalba, M. Torbenson, S. Feng, and E.R. Cook, 2017.  Tree-ring reconstructed rainfall over the southern Amazon Basin.  Geophysical Research Letters 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL073363. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., D.J. Burnette, D. Griffin, E.R. Cook, and L.V. Benson, 2016.  Implications of Seasonal and Annual Moisture Reconstructions for Mesa Verde, Colorado.  In:  Megadrought and Collapse:  From Early Agriculture to Angkor, edited by H. Weiss.  Oxford University Press. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., E.R. Cook, D.J. Burnette, J. Villanueva, J. Cerano, J.N. Burns, R.D. Griffin, B.I. Cook, R. Acuna, MCA Torbenson, and P. Szejner, 2016.  The Mexican Drought Atlas: Tree-ring reconstructions of the soil moisture balance during the late Pre-Hispanic, Colonial, and Modern Eras.  Quaternary Science Reviews 149:34-60. [pdf]
  • Torbenson, M.C.A., D.W. Stahle, J. Villanueva, E.R. Cook, and D.R. Griffin, 2016.The relationship between early wood and latewood tree-growth across North America. Tree-Ring Research 72:53-66. [pdf]
  • Black, B.A., D. Griffin, P. van der Sleen, A.D. Wanamaker Jr., J.H., Speer, D.C. Frank, D.W. Stahle, N. Pederson, C.A. Copenheaver, V. Trouet, S. Griffin, and B.M. Gillanders, 2016. The value of cross dating to retain high-frequency variability, climate signals, and extreme events in environmental proxies.  Global Change Biology 22:2582-2595.  [pdf]
  • Cerny, K.C., D.W. Stahle, and D.C. Bragg, 2016.  A frontier shortleaf pine stand in the old-growth Cross Timbers of Oklahoma. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 143:224-238. [pdf]
  • Cook, B.I., E.R. Cook, J.E. Smerdon, R. Seager, A.P. Williams, S. Coats, D.W. Stahle, and J.Villanueva, 2016.  North American megadroughts in the common era:  reconstructions and simulations.  WIREs Climate Change 7(3):411-432. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., J.R. Edmondson, J.N. Burns, D.K. Stahle, D.J. Burnette, E. Kvamme, C. LeQuesne, and M.D. Therrell, 2015.  Bridging the gap with sub fossil Douglas-fir at Mesa Verde, Colorado.  Tree-Ring Research 71:53-66. [pdf]
  • Belmecheri, S., F Babst, E.R. Wahl, D.W. Stahle, and V. Trouet, 2015.  Multi-century evaluation of Sierra Nevada snowpack.  Nature Climate Change (published online Sept.14, 2015). [pdf]
  • LeBlanc, D.C., and D.W. Stahle, 2015.  Radial growth response of four oak species to the climate in eastern and central North America.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 45:1-12. [pdf]
  • Villanueva Díaz, J., J. Cerano Paredes, N.C. Olivares Bañuelos, M. Valle Pérez,  D.W. Stahle, R. Cervantes Martínez, 2015.  La respuesta climática del ciprés (Hesperocyparis guadalupensis Var. Guadalupensis) en Isla Guadalupe, Baja California, México. Ciencias Forestales. [pdf]


  • Black, B.A., Sydeman, W.J., Frank, D., Griffin, R.D., Stahle, D.W., Garcia-Reyes, M., Rykaczewski, R., S. Bograd, and W.T. Peterson, 2014.  Six centuries of variability and extremes in a coupled marine-terrestrial ecosystem.  Science 345:1498-1502. [pdf]
  • Burns, J.N., R. Acuna-Soto, and D.W. Stahle, 2014.  Drought and epidemic typhus, central Mexico, 1655-1918.  Emerging Infectious Diseases 20:442-447. [pdf]


  • Kanner, L., N. Buenning, L. Stott, D.W. Stahle, 2013.  Climatologic and hydrologic influences on the oxygen isotope ratio of tree cellulose in coastal southern California during the late 20th century.  Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 14:4488-4503. [pdf]
  • Griffin, R.D. C.A. Woodhouse, D.M. Meko, D.W. Stahle, H.L. Faulstich, C. Carrillo, R. Touchan, C.L. Castro, and S.W. Leavitt, 2013.  North American monsoon precipitation reconstructed from tree rings.  Geophysical Research Letters 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50184. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.K., D.J. Burnette, and D.W. Stahle, 2013.  A moisture balance reconstruction for the drainage basin of Albemarle Sound, North Carolina.  Estuaries and Coasts 36:1340–1353. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W.,  R. D. Griffin, D. M. Meko, M. D. Therrell, J. R. Edmondson, M. K. Cleaveland, Cayan, 2013.  The blue oak woodlands of California:  longevity and hydro climatic history.  Earth Interactions 17(12):1-23, DOI: 10.1175/2013EI000518.1. L. N. Stahle, D. J. Burnette, J. T. Abatzoglou, K. T. Redmond, M. D. Dettinger, and D. R.  [pdf]
  • Benson, L.V., D.K. Ramsey, D.W. Stahle, K.L. Petersen, 2013.  Some thoughts on the factors that controlled pre historic maize production in the American Southwest with application to southwestern Colorado. Journal of Archaeological Science 40:2869-2880. [pdf]
  • Burnette, D.J., and D.W. Stahle, 2013.  Computer assisted screening, correction, and analysis OF historical weather measurements.  Computers & Geosciences 54:309-317. [pdf]
  • Burnette, D.J., and D.W. Stahle, 2013.  Historical perspective on the dust bowl drought in the central United States.  Climatic Change 116:479-494. [pdf]


  • Woodhouse, C.A., D.W. Stahle, J. Villanueva Diaz, 2012. The Rio Grande and Rio Conchos water supply variability over the past 500 years.  Climate Research 51:125-136. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D. W., D.J. Burnette, J. Villanueva Diaz, F.K. Fye, R.D. Griffin, M.K. Cleaveland, D.K. Stahle, J.R. Edmondson, K. Wolff, 2012. Tree-ring analysis of ancient bald cypress trees and subfossil wood.  Quaternary Science Reviews 34:1-15.  [pdf]
  • Therrell, M.D., and D.W. Stahle, 2012.  Tree-ring dating of an Arkansas antebellum plantation house.  Tree-Ring Research 68:59-68. [pdf]
  • Bragg, D.C., D.W. Stahle, and K.C. Cerny, 2012.  Structural attributes of two old-growth Cross Timbers stands in western Arkansas.  American Midland Naturalist 167:40-55. [pdf]
  • Villanueva, J., J. Cerano, D.W. Stahle, B.H. Luckman, M.D. Therrell, M.K. Cleaveland, P.Z. Fule, 2012.  La dendrocronologia y reconstrucciones paleoclimaticas en el norte-centro de Mexico. Ciencias Forestales. [pdf]
  • Villanueva, J., J. Cerano, J. de Dios Benavides, D.W. Stahle, J. Estrada, V. Constante, M. Tostado, 2012.  Reconstruccion de los niveles del Lago de Chapala con series dendrocronologicas de Taxodium mucronatum Ten.  Ciencias Forestales 3:55-68. [pdf]


  • DeSantis, R.D., S.W. Hallgren, and D.W. Stahle, 2011.  Drought and fire suppression leads to rapid forest composition change in a forest-prairie ecotone.  Forest Ecology and Management 261:1833-1840. [pdf]
  • Villanueva Díaz, J., J. Cerano P., D.W. Stahle, B.H. Luckman, M.D. Therrell, M.K. Cleaveland, P.Z. Fulé. 2011. La dendrocronología y reconstrucciones paleoclimáticas en elnortecentro de México. In: M. Caballero, B. Ortega G. (Compiladoras), Escenarios de cambio climático: Registros del Cuaternario en América Latina I. UNAM, Instituto de Geofísica, Dirección General de Publicaciones y Fomento Editorial. México DF, 47-72. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D. W., D.J. Burnette, J. Villanueva Diaz, R.R. Heim, Jr., F.K. Fye, J. Cerano Paredes, R.R. Acuna-Soto, M.K. Cleaveland, 2011.  Atlantic and Pacific influences on Mesoamerican climate over the past millennium.  Climate Dynamics DOI Stahle, D. W., D.J. Burnette, J. Villanueva Diaz, R.R. Heim, Jr., F.K. Fye, J. Cerano Paredes, R.R. Acuna-Soto, M.K. Cleaveland, 2011.  Pacific and Atlantic influences on Mesoamerican climate over the past millennium.  Climate Dynamics DOI  10.1007/s00382-011-1205-z. [pdf]
  • Haavik, L.J., D.W. Stahle, F.M. Stephen, 2011.  Temporal aspects of Quercus rubra decline and relationships to the climate in the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41:773-781. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., R.D. Griffin, M.K. Cleaveland, J.R. Edmondson, F.K. Fye, D.J. Burnette, J.T. Abatzoglou, K.T. Redmond, D.M. Meko, M.D. Dettinger, D.R. Cayan, M.D. Therrell,  2011. A tree-ring reconstruction of the salinity gradient in the northern estuary of San Francisco Bay. San Francisco Estuary & Watershed Science 9-1 (The Internet, Available from ). [pdf]
  • Stahle, D. W., J. Villanueva Diaz, D. J. Burnette, J. Cerano Paredes, R. R. Heim, Jr., F. K. Fye, R. Acuna Soto, M. D. Therrell, M. K. Cleaveland, and D. K. Stahle, 2011. Major Mesoamerican droughts of the past millennium, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L05703, doi:10.1029/2010GL046472. [pdf]
  • Meko, D.M., D.W. Stahle, D. Griffin, T.A. Knight, 2011.  Inferring precipitation-anomaly gradients from tree rings.  Quaternary International 235:89-100. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., and J.S. Dean, 2011.  North American tree rings, climatic extremes, and social disasters. Dendroclimatology: Progress and Prospects, M.K. Hughes, T.W. Swetnam, H.F. Diaz, editors.  Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research, Vol. 11, Springer, pp. 297-327. [pdf]


  • Woodhouse, C.A., D.M. Meko, G.M. MacDonald, D.W. Stahle and E.R. Cook, 2010.  A 1,200-year perspective of 21st-century drought in southwestern North America.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 107(50):21283-21288. [pdf]
  • DeSantis, R.D., S.W. Hallgren, D.W. Stahle, 2010.  Historic fire regime of an upland oak forest in south-central North America.  Fire Ecology 6:45-61. [pdf]
  • Burnette, D.J., D.W. Stahle, and C.J. Mock, 2010. Daily-mean temperature reconstructed for Kansas from early instrumental and modern observations. Journal of Climate 23:1308-1333. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, H. Grissino-Mayer, R.D. Griffin, F.K. Fye, M.D. Therrell, D.J.Burnette, D.M. Meko, and J. Villanueva Diaz, 2009. Cool and warm season precipitation reconstructions over western New Mexico. Journal of Climate 22:3729-3750. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., E.R. Cook, J. Villanueva Diaz, F.K. Fye, D.J. Burnette, R.D. Griffin, R. Acuna Soto, R. Seager, and R.R. Heim Jr., 2009. Early 21st-century drought in Mexico. Eos 90(11):89-90. [pdf]
  • Seager, R., M. Ting, M. Davis, M. Cane, N. Naik, J. Nakamura, C. Li, E. Cook, and D.W. Stahle, 2009. Mexican drought: An observational, modeling and tree ring study of variability and climate change. Atmosfera 22(1):1-31.  [pdf]
  • Christie, D.A., J.A. Boninsegna, M.K. Cleaveland, A. Lara, C. Le Quesne, M.S. Morales, M. Mudelsee, D.W. Stahle, R Villalba, 2009. Aridity changes in the Temperate-Mediterranean transition of the Andes since AD 1346 reconstructed from tree-rings.
    Climate Dynamics DOI 10.1007/s00382-009-0723-4. [pdf]


  • Acuna Soto, R., D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, and J. Villanueva Diaz, 2008. Drought, epidemic disease, and massive population loss: 1,000 years of record in Mexico. In: Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events: Understanding the Contributions to Infectious Disease Emergence: Workshop Summary. David A. Relman, Margaret A. Hamburg, Eileen R. Choffnes, and Alison Mack, Rapporteurs, Forum on Microbial Threats. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. (pp. 183-196). [pdf]
  • MacDonald, G.M., D.W. Stahle, J. Villanueva Diaz, N. Beer, S.J. Busby, J. Cerano Paredes, J.E. Cole, E.R. Cook, G. Endfield, G. Guitierrez Garcia, B. Hall, V. Magana, D.M. Meko, M. Mendez Perez, D.J. Sauchyn, E. Watson, and C.A. Woodhouse, 2008. Climate warming and 21st-century drought in southwestern North America. Eos 89(9):82-83. [pdf]


  • Benson, L.V., M.S. Berry, E.A. Jolie, J.D. Spangler, D.W. Stahle, E.M. Hattori, 2007. Possible impacts of early-11th-, middle-12th-, and late-13th-century droughts on western Native Americans and the Mississippian Cahokians. Quaternary Science Reviews 26:336–350. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., F.K. Fye, E.R. Cook, and R.D. Griffin, 2007. Tree-ring reconstructed megadroughts over North America since AD 1300. Climatic Change 83:133-149. [pdf]
  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., D.W. Stahle, B.H. Luckman, J. Ceranno-Paredes, M.D. Therrell, R. Moran Martinez, and M.K. Cleaveland, 2007. Potenical dendrocronologico de Taxodium mucronatum Ten. y acciones para su conservacion en Mexico. Ciencia Forestal en Mexico 32(101):9-38. [pdf]
  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., J. Cerano-Paredes, D. Stahle, B. Luckman, M. Therrell, M. Cleaveland, and E. Cornejo-Oviedo, 2007. Winter-spring precipitation reconstruction from tree rings for Northeast Mexico. Climatic Change 83:117-131. [pdf]
  • Mock, C.J., J. Mojzisek, M. McWaters, M. Chenoweth, and D. Stahle, 2007. The winter of 1827-1828 over eastern North America: a season of extraordinary climatic anomalies,  societal impacts, and false spring. Climatic Change 83:87-115. [pdf]
  • Diaz, H.F., and D.W. Stahle (editors), 2007. Climate and Cultural History in the Americas. Climatic Change 83:1-8. [pdf]
  • Cook, E.R., R. Seager, M.A. Cane, and D.W. Stahle, 2007. North American Drought: reconstructions, causes, and consequences. Earth Science Review 81:93-134. [pdf]


  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., J. Ceranno-Paredes, D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, L. Vazquez Salem, R. Moran Martinez, and B.H. Luckman, 2006. Arboles viejos del centro-norte de Mexico. Folleto Cientifico 20, INIFAP CENID-RASPA, Gomez Palacio, Durango, Mexico. pp 1-46. [pdf]
  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., J. Ceranno-Paredes, B.H. Luckman, J. Estrada Avalos, D.W. Stahle, I. Sanchez Cohen, M.D. Therrell, and R. Moran Martinez, 2006. Precipitacion y flujo historico de la Cuenca Nazas-Aguanaval e impacto en la agricultura. Folleto Cientifico 19, INIFAP CENID-RASPA, Gomez Palacio, Durango, Mexico. pp 1-44. [pdf]
  • Therrell, M.D., D.W. Stahle, L.P. Ries, H.H. Shugart, 2006. Tree-Ring Reconstructed Rainfall Variability in Zimbabwe. Climate Dynamics 26:677-685.  [pdf].
  • Therrell, M.D., D.W. Stahle, M.K. Cleaveland, J. Villanueva-Diaz, E. Cornejo Oviedo, 2006. Tree-ring reconstructed maize yield in Central Mexico: 1474-2001. Climatic Change 74(4)493-504. [pdf].
  • Le Quesne, Carlos, David W. Stahle, Malcolm K. Cleaveland, Matthew D. Therrell, Juan Carlos Aravena, and Jonathan Barichivich, 2006. Ancient Cipres Tree-Ring Chronologies Used to Reconstruct Central Chile Precipitation Variability from A.D. 1200-2000. Journal of Climate 19:5731-5744. [pdf].
  • Fye, F.K., D.W. Stahle, E.R. Cook, and M.K. Cleaveland, 2006. NAO influence on sub-decadal moisture variability over central North America. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L15707. [pdf].
  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, R.D. Griffin, M.D. Spond, F.K. Fye, R.B. Culpepper, and D.Patton, 2006. Decadal drought effects on endangered woodpecker habitat. Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 87:121, 125. [pdf].


  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., J. Ceranno-Paredes, D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, M.K. Cleaveland, and B.H.Luckman, 2005. Estudios paleoclimaticos en Mexico utilizando anillos de crecimiento de especies arboreas. Contribucion al Estudio de los Servicios Ambientales, Libro  Tecnico No. 1, 7-32. [pdf]
  • Acuna Soto, R., D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, S. Gomez Chavez, and M.K. Cleaveland, 2005. Drought, epidemic disease, and the fall of classic period cultures in Mesoamerica (AD 750-950). Medical Hypotheses 65:405-409. [pdf]
  • Clark, S.L., S.W. Hallgren, D.W. Stahle, and T.B. Lynch, 2005. Characteristics of the Keystone Ancient Forest Preserve, an old-growth forest in the Cross Timbers of Oklahoma, USA. Natural Areas Journal 25:165-175. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., 2005. Tree-ring analysis of ancient Douglas-fir at Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas. The Guadalupe Mountains Symposium. F.R. Armstrong and K.KellerLynn, eds. National Park Service, 205-207. [pdf]


  • Acuna Soto, R., D.W. Stahle, R.D. Griffin, and M.D. Therrell, 2004. When half the population died: the epidemic of hemorrhagic fevers of 1576 in Mexico. FEMS Microbiology Letters 240:1-5. [pdf]
  • Cook, E.R., C. Woodhouse, C.M. Eakin, D.M. Meko, and D.W. Stahle, 2004. Long-term aridity changes in the western United States. Science 306:1015-1018. [pdf]
  • Griffin, R.D., D.W. Stahle, and M.D. Therrell, 2004. Repeat photography in the ancient Cross Timbers of Oklahoma, USA. Natural Areas Journal 25:176-182. [pdf]
  • Fye, F.K., D.W. Stahle, and E.R. Cook, 2004. Twentieth-century sea surface temperature patterns in the Pacific during decadal moisture regimes over the United States. Earth Interactions 8:22:1-22. [pdf]
  • Therrell, M.D., D.W. Stahle, R. Acuna Soto, 2004. Aztec drought and the curse of One Rabbit. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 85:1263-1272. [pdf]
  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., J. Cerano-Paredes, D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, M.K. Cleaveland, and I.Sanchez-Cohen, 2004. Elementos basicos de la dendrocronologia y sus applicaciones en Mexico.Folleto Tecnico No. 2, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agricolas, y Pecuarias, y al CENID-RASPA, Gomez Palacio, Durango, 37p. (ISBN: 968-800-574-6). [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., F.K. Fye, and M.D. Therrell, 2003. Interannual to decadal climate and streamflow variability estimated from tree rings.The Quaternary Period in the United States, edited by A. Gillespie, S.C. Porter, and B. Atwater. Elsevier, Developments in Quaternary Science, pp. 491-504. [pdf]
  • Villanueva-Diaz, J., D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, F. Camacho Morfin, P. Nunez Diaz, J.A. Ramirez Garcia, 2003. Registros climaticos de los ahuehuetes de Chapultepec en los ultimos 450 años. Boletin del Archivo Historico del Agua 8(23):34-43. [pdf]
  • Pohl, K., M.D. Therrell, J. Santiago Blay, N. Ayotte, S. Bernal-Salazar, J. Jil Cabrera Hernandez, S. Diaz Castro, J.A. Elvir, M. Gonzales Elizondo, D. Opland, J. Park, G. Pederson, L. Vazquez-Salem, and D.W. Stahle (corresponding author for the 2002 North American Dendroecology Fieldweek climate reconstruction team), 2003. A cool season precipitation reconstruction for Saltillo, Mexico. Tree-Ring Research 59:11-19. [pdf]
  • Cleaveland, M.K., D.W. Stahle, M.D. Therrell, J. Villanueava-Diaz, and B.T. Burns, 2003. Tree-ring reconstructed winter precipitation in Durango, Mexico. Climatic Change 59:369-388. [pdf]
  • Fye, F.K., D.W. Stahle, and E.R. Cook, 2003. Paleoclimatic analogs to 20th century moisture regimes across the USA. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84:901-909. [pdf]
  • Druckenbrod, D.L., M.E. Mann, D.W. Stahle, M.K. Cleaveland, M.D. Therrell, and H.H. Shugart, 2003.Late-eighteenth century precipitation reconstructions from James Madison’s Montpelier Plantation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84:57-71. [pdf]


  • Diaz, S.C., M.D. Therrell, D.W. Stahle, and M.K. Cleaveland, 2002. Chihuahua (Mexico) winter-spring precipitation reconstructed from tree-rings, 1647-1992. Climate Research 22:237-244. [pdf]
  • Therrell, M.D., D.W. Stahle, M.K. Cleaveland, and J. Villanueva-Diaz, 2002. Warm season tree growth and precipitation over Mexico. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(D14): ACL 6-1 to 6-8. [pdf]
  • Acuna-Soto, R., D.W. Stahle, M.K. Cleaveland, and M.D. Therrell, 2002. Megadrought and Megadeath in 16th century Mexico. Emerging Infectious Diseases 8(4):360-362. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., 2002. The Unsung Ancients. Natural History 2/02:49-52. [pdf]


  • Christy, J.R., R.A. Clarke, G.V. Gruza, J. Jouzel, M.E. Mann, J. Oerlemans, M.J.Salinger, S.-W. Wang (Lead Authors), Contributing Authors: J. Bates, M. Crowe, P. Frich, P. Groisman,J. Hurrell, P. Jones, D. Parker, T. Peterson, D. Robinson, J. Walsh, M. Abbott,L. Alexander, H. Alexandersson, R. Allan, R. Alley, P. Ambenje, P. Arkin, L. Bajuk, R. Balling, M.Y. Bardin, R. Bradley, R. Brázdil, K.R. Briffa, H. Brooks, R.D. Brown,S. Brown, M. Brunet-India, M. Cane, D. Changnon, S. Changnon, J. Cole, D. Collins, E. Cook, A. Dai, A. Douglas, B. Douglas, J.C. Duplessy, D. Easterling, P. Englehart,R.E. Eskridge, D. Etheridge, D. Fisher, D. Gaffen, K. Gallo, E. Genikhovich, D. Gong, G. Gutman, W. Haeberli, J. Haigh, J. Hansen, D. Hardy, S. Harrison, R. Heino, K.Hennessy, W. Hogg, S. Huang, K. Hughen, M.K. Hughes, M. Hulme, H. Iskenderian, O.M. Johannessen, D. Kaiser, D. Karoly, D. Kley, R. Knight, K.R. Kumar, K. Kunkel,M. Lal, C. Landsea, J. Lawrimore, J. Lean, C. Leovy, H. Lins, R. Livezey, K.M. Lugina, I. Macadam, J.A. Majorowicz, B. Manighetti, J. Marengo, E. Mekis, M.W. Miles, A.Moberg, I. Mokhov, V. Morgan, L. Mysak, M. New, J. Norris, L. Ogallo, J. Overpeck, T. Owen, D. Paillard, T. Palmer, C. Parkinson, C.R. Pfister, N. Plummer, H. Pollack, C.Prentice, R. Quayle, E.Y. Rankova, N. Rayner, V.N. Razuvaev, G. Ren, J. Renwick, R. Reynolds, D. Rind, A. Robock, R. Rosen, S. Rösner, R. Ross, D. Rothrock, J.M. Russell,M. Serreze, W.R. Skinner, J. Slack, D.M. Smith, D. Stahle, M. Stendel, A. Sterin, T. Stocker, B. Sun, V. Swail, V. Thapliyal, L. Thompson, W.J. Thompson, A.Timmermann, R. Toumi, K. Trenberth, H. Tuomenvirta, T. van Ommen, D. Vaughan, K.Y. Vinnikov, U. von Grafenstein, H. von Storch, M. Vuille, P. Wadhams, J.M.Wallace, S. Warren,W. White, P. Xie, P. Zhai, 2001. Observed climate variability and change. Chapter 2 in Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contributions of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (J.T. Houghton et al. editors). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 881 pp. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., M.D. Therrell, M.K. Cleaveland, D.R. Cayan, M.D. Dettinger, and N. Knowles, 2001. Ancient blue oak reveals human impact on San Francisco Bay salinity. Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 82 (12) 141, 144-145. Reprinted by AGU in Earth in Space, April 2001. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., E.R. Cook, M.K. Cleaveland, M.D. Therrell, D.M. Meko, H.D. Grissino-Mayer, E. Watson, and B.H., Luckman, 2000. Tree-ring data document 16th century megadrought over North America, Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 81(12):212, 125. Reprinted by AGU in Earth in Space, March 2000.  [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., J. Villanueva, M.K. Cleaveland, M.D. Therrell, G.J. Paull, B.T. Burns, W. Salinas, H. Suzan, and P.Z. Fule, 2000. Recent tree-ring research in Mexico. In: Dendrocronologia en America Latina, Fidel Roig, editor. EDIUNC (Editorial de la niversidad Nacional de Cuyo), Mendoza, Argentina, pp. 285-306.


  • Stahle, D.W., 1999. Useful strategies for the development of tropical tree-ring chronologies. IAWA Journal 20:249-253. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., P.T. Mushove, M.K. Cleaveland, F. Roig, and G.A. Haynes, 1999. Management implications of annual growth rings in Pterocarpus angolensis from Zimbabwe. Forest Ecology and Management 124:217-229. [pdf]
  • Cook, E.R., D.M. Meko, D.W. Stahle, and M.K. Cleaveland, 1999. Drought reconstructions for the continental United States. Journal of Climate 12, 1145-1162. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., 1999. Replacing ancient forests (letter). Science 283:34. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, M.D. Therrell, and J. Villanueva-Diaz, 1999. Tree-ring reconstruction of winter and summer precipitation in Durango, Mexico, for the past 600 years. 10th Symposium on Global Change Studies, Preprint Volume, American Meteorological Society, 79th Annual Meeting, January 1999, Dallas, Texas. pp. 317-318. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, D.B. Blanton, M.D. Therrell, and D.A. Gay, 1998. The Lost Colony and Jamestown Droughts. Science 280, 564-567. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., R.D. D’Arrigo, P.J. Krusic, M.K. Cleaveland, E.R. Cook, R.J. Allan, J.E. Cole, R.B. Dunbar, M.D. Therrell, D.A. Gay, M.D. Moore, M.A. Stokes, B.T. Burns, J. Villanueva-Diaz, L.G. Thompson, 1998.  Experimental dendroclimatic reconstruction of the Southern Oscillation.  Bulletin of the American Meterological Society 79:2137-2152. [pdf]
  • Therrell, M.D., and D.W. Stahle, 1998. A predictive model to locate ancient forests in the Cross Timbers of Osage County, Oklahoma. Journal of Biogeography 25:847-854. [pdf]
  • Van Arsdale, R.B., D.W. Stahle, M.K. Cleaveland, and M.J. Guccione, 1998. Earthquake signals in tree-ring data from the New Madrid seismic zone and implications for paleoseismicity. Geology 26:515-518. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., 1997. Tree rings and ancient forest relics. Arnoldia 56(4):2-10. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, G.A. Haynes, J. Klimowicz, P. Mushove, P. Ngwenya, and S.E. Nicholson, 1997. Development of a rainfall sensitive tree-ring chronology in Zimbabwe. 8th Symposium on Global Change Studies, Preprint Volume, American Meteorological Society, 77th Annual Meeting, Feb. 2-7, 1997, Long Beach, CA. pp. 205-211. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, G.A. Haynes, J. Klimowicz, P. Ngwenya, and P. Mushove,1996. Preliminary tree-ring investigations of indigenous trees in Zimbabwe. In: Sustainable Management of Indigenous Forests in the Dry Tropics, edited by P.T.Mushove, E.M. Shumba, and F. Matose, Zimbabwe Forestry Commission & SAREC-SIDA, Harare, Zimbabwe, pp. 57-61. [pdf]
  • Cook, E.R., D.M. Meko, D.W. Stahle, and M.K. Cleaveland, 1996. Tree-ring reconstructions of past drought across the coterminous United States: tests of a regression method and calibration/verification results. In: Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity, edited by J.S.Dean, D.M. Meko, and T.W. Swetnam. Radiocarbon 1996, pp. 155-169. [pdf]
  • Cleaveland, M.K. and D. W. Stahle, 1996. Variability of hydrologic drought in the Ozark Highlands, 1680-1980. In: Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity, edited by J.S. Dean, D.M. Meko, and T.W. Swetnam. Radiocarbon 1996, pp. 43-50. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. and M.K. Cleaveland, 1996. Large-scale climatic influences on bald cypress tree growth across the southeastern United States. In: Climate Variations and Forcing Mechanisms of the Last 2000 Years, edited by P.D. Jones and R.S. Bradley, NATO Advanced Science Institute Series; Series 1: Global Environmental Change, Vol. 41, pp.125-140. Springer, Berlin. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. 1996. Tree rings and ancient forest history. In: Eastern Old-Growth Forests, edited by M.B. Davis, Island Press, Washington D.C., pp. 321-343. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. 1996. The hydro climatic application of tree-ring chronologies. In: Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity, edited by J.S. Dean, D.M. Meko, and T.W. Swetnam.Radiocarbon 1996, pp. 119-126. [pdf]


  • Anderson, D.G., D.W. Stahle and M.K. Cleaveland, 1995. Paleoclimate and the potential food reserves of Mississippian societies in the southeastern United States. American Antiquity 60:258-286. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. and M.K. Cleaveland, 1995. Texas paleoclimatic data from daily to millennial timescales. In: The Changing Climate of Texas, edited by G.R. North, J.R. Giardino, and J. Norwine, Geobooks, Texas A&M University, pp. 49-69. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W. and P.L. Chaney, 1994. A predictive model for the location of ancient forests. Natural Areas Journal 14:151-158. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. and M.K. Cleaveland, 1994. Tree–ring reconstructed rainfall over the southeastern USA during the Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age. Climate Change 26:199-212. [pdf]


  • Meko, D.M., E.R. Cook, D.W. Stahle, C.W. Stockton, and M.K. Hughes, 1993. Spatial patterns of tree growth anomalies in the U.S. Journal of Climate, 6:1773– 1786. [pdf]
  • Van Arsdale, R.B., Stahle, D.W., and Cleaveland, M.K., 1993, Applications of dendrochronology to earthquake studies in the New Madrid seismic zone of the central United States. Quaternary Proceedings 3:85-91. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. and M.K. Cleaveland, 1993. Southern Oscillation extremes reconstructed from tree–rings of the Sierra Madre Occidental and the southern Great Plains. Journal of Climate 6:129–140. [pdf]


  • Cleaveland, M.K., E.R. Cook, and D.W. Stahle, 1992. Secular variability of the ENSO signal detected in tree– ring data from Mexico and the southern United States. In: El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation, edited by H. Diaz and V. Markgraf, Cambridge University Press, pp. 271–291. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., R.B. VanArsdale, and M.K. Cleaveland, 1992. Tectonic Signal in bald cypress trees at Reelfoot Lake, Tennessee. Seismological Research Letters, 63:439–448. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., and M.K. Cleaveland, 1992. Reconstruction and analysis of spring rainfall over the Southeastern U.S. for the past 1000 years. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 73:1947–1961. [pdf]


  • Cook, E.R., D.W. Stahle, and M.K. Cleaveland, 1991. Dendroclimatic evidence from the eastern United States. In: Climate Since A.D. 1500, edited by R.S. Bradley and P.D. Jones. Routledge, London. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland and R.S. Cerveny, 1991. Tree–ring reconstructed sunshine duration over central USA. International Journal of Climatology 11:285–295. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland, J.G. Hehr and K.R. Briffa, 1990. Long tree–rings (letter). Nature 348:590. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., 1990. The Tree–Ring Record of False Spring in the Southcentral USA.  PhD Dissertation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. [pdf]


  • Cleaveland, M.K., and D.W. Stahle, 1989. Tree–ring analysis of surplus and deficit runoff in the White River, Arkansas. Water Resources Research 25:1391–1401. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland and J.G. Hehr, 1988.  North Carolina climate changes reconstructed from tree– rings A.D. 372 to 1985. Science 240:1517– 1519. [pdf]
  • Blasing, T.J., D.W. Stahle and D.N. Duvick, 1988. Tree Ring-Based Reconstruction of annual precipitation in the southcentral United States from 1750 to 1980. Water Resources Research 24:163–171. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. and M.K. Cleaveland, 1988. Texas drought history reconstructed and analyzed from 1698 to 1980. Journal of Climate 1:59–74. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., 1986. Environmental factors involved in the growth and distribution of post oak in the south-central United States. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Ecological Aspects of Tree–Ring Analysis. Marymount College, Tarrytown, New York, August 1986, pp. 54–58. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., 1986. Excavations in northwest Arkansas. In: Contributions to Ozark Prehistory, edited by G. Sabo. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series No. 27, pp. 1–47, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., M.K. Cleaveland and J.G. Hehr, 1985. A 450–year drought reconstruction for Arkansas, United States. Nature 316:530–532. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., E.R. Cook and J.W.C. White, 1985. Tree–ring dating of bald cypress and the potential for millennia– long chronologies in the Southeast. American Antiquity 50:796–802. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W. and D. Wolfman, 1985. The potential for archaeological tree–ring dating in eastern North America. Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Vol. 8. Academic Press, New York. pp. 279–302. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W. and J.G. Hehr, 1984. Dendroclimatic characteristics of post oak across a precipitation gradient in the south-central United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 74(4): 561– 573. [pdf]
  • Stahle, D.W., 1984. Tree–ring analysis: southeastern United States. A contribution to Chapter 3, “Climate and Tree Rings,” by C.W. Stockton, W.R. Boggess, and D.M. Meko. In: Paleoclimate Analysis and Modeling, edited by A.D. Hecht. John Wiley and Sons, New York. pp. 88–94. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., and J.E. Dunn, 1982. An analysis and application of the size distribution of waste flakes from the manufacture of bifacial stone tools. World Archaeology 14(1):84–97. [pdf]


  • Stahle, D.W., 1979. Tree–ring dating of historic buildings in Arkansas. Tree–Ring Bulletin 39:1–29. [pdf]